Life Insurance Terms: Safeguarding Your Future Blog Image

Life Insurance Terms: Safeguarding Your Future

7 October 2023

Life insurance is an essential part of financial planning, offering security and peace of mind to you and your loved ones. If you’re considering life insurance in Egypt, it’s important to understand the key terms and options available. Here’s a straightforward guide to help you navigate through the essentials.


Types of Life Insurance

·         Term Life Insurance: This is a straightforward and affordable option that provides coverage for a specific period, like 5, 10, or 20 years. If you pass away during this term, your beneficiaries receive a payout. It’s a good choice if you need coverage for a set time, such as until your children are grown.

·         Whole Life Insurance: This policy covers you for your entire life, as long as you keep paying the premiums. It also builds cash value over time, which you can borrow against or withdraw. Whole life insurance is more expensive but offers lifelong protection and a savings component.

·         Endowment Plans: These policies mix insurance with savings. They pay out a lump sum either when you die or at a specified date, whichever comes first. It’s a way to save for the future while still having life coverage.



Premiums are what you pay to keep your insurance active. They can be:

·         Fixed or Variable: Some policies have premiums that stay the same, while others might change based on certain conditions.

·         Payment Schedules: You can usually choose to pay your premiums monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, or annually.


Death Benefit

The death benefit is the money your beneficiaries receive if you pass away. This amount is decided when you buy the policy. It can vary depending on the type of policy, the amount of coverage you choose, and any extra benefits you add.


Cash Value

For whole life and endowment policies, there’s a cash value component, which is a savings feature that grows over time. You can:

·         Borrow Against It: Take out loans using the cash value as collateral.

·         Withdraw It: Some policies let you take money out, but this can reduce your death benefit.



Policies also come with exclusions, which are situations where the insurance company won’t pay out. Common ones in Egypt include:

·         Suicide: Usually not covered if it happens within the first two years of the policy.

·         Illegal Activities: Death while engaging in illegal acts is excluded.

·         Pre-existing Conditions: Some policies won’t cover deaths from health issues that existed before you bought the policy.



What You Need to Get Life Insurance in Egypt


Life insurance is a crucial step in making sure your loved ones are financially secure. If you're in Egypt and looking to get life insurance, here's a simple rundown of the documents you'll need.


1. Proof of Identity

To confirm who you are, you'll need:

·         National ID Card: Your Egyptian national ID card. If you’re not Egyptian, a passport or resident ID will do.

·         Birth Certificate: This might be needed to confirm your age.


2. Proof of Income

Insurance companies need to know you can pay the premiums:


·         Salary Slips: The last three months of your salary slips.

·         Employment Letter: A letter from your employer stating your job, salary, and how long you've been employed.

·         Bank Statements: Bank statements from the past six months to show your financial stability.


3. Medical Records

Your health affects your policy and premium:

·         Medical Reports: Recent medical reports, especially if you have any health conditions.

·         Health Questionnaire: The insurance company will give you a form to fill out about your health and lifestyle.


4. Application Form

This is where you provide your personal details and choose your policy:

·         Completed Application Form: Fill out the form with your details, who your beneficiaries are, and what kind of coverage you want.


5. Photographs

Some companies might need recent photos:

·         Passport-Sized Photos: Usually, two or three recent photos.


6. Other Documents

Depending on your situation, you might need:


·         Proof of Address: Utility bills or a rental agreement to confirm where you live.

·         Marriage Certificate: If you’re married and want to list your spouse as a beneficiary.

·         Children’s Birth Certificates: If you’re naming your kids as beneficiaries, their birth certificates might be needed.


How Much Does Life Insurance Cost in Egypt?

What Affects Life Insurance Premiums?

·         Your Age: The younger you are, the cheaper your premiums will be. Life insurance is all about risk, and younger people are generally less risky to insure.

·         Your Health: If you’re in good health, you'll get better rates. Existing health issues can bump up your premiums, but that’s just how insurance works.

·         Your Lifestyle: Smokers and people with risky hobbies or jobs might have to pay more. If you live a healthy, safe lifestyle, you’re in for better rates.

·         Coverage Amount: How much coverage do you want? More coverage means higher premiums, so think about what you really need.

·         Policy Term: How long do you want the coverage for? A 20-year term policy will generally cost less per year than a whole-life policy, which covers you for your entire life.

·         Your Job: If your job is considered dangerous, like working in construction or as a pilot, you might see higher premiums. Desk jobs usually come with lower rates.

What Do Life Insurance Premiums Look Like in Egypt?

Let’s talk numbers. If you’re a healthy, non-smoking person in your 30s, you might pay between EGP 2,000 to EGP 5,000 a year for a term life policy with EGP 500,000 in coverage. Whole life insurance will cost more due to its lifelong coverage and added benefits.